for the treatment of pain
in people with multiple sclerosis
: a randomized controlled trial.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2012 ;2012:473963. Epub 2011 Jul 14. PMID: 21785645
Adelaida María Castro-Sánchez, Guillermo A Matarán-Peñarrocha, Inmaculada Lara-Palomo, Manuel Saavedra-Hernández, Manuel Arroyo-Morales, Carmen Moreno-Lorenzo
Department of Nursing and Physical Therapy
, University of Almeria (UAL), Carretera de Sacramento s/n, 04120 Almería, Granada, Spain.
Background. Multiple sclerosis
) is a chronic demyelinating neurological disease. Several studies have reported that complementary and alternative therapies can have positive effects against pain
in these patients. Objective. The objective was to investigate the effectiveness of an Ai-Chi aquatic exercise
program against pain and other symptoms in MS
patients. Methods. In this randomized controlled trial, 73 MS patients were randomly assigned to an experimental or control group for a 20-week treatment program. The experimental group underwent 40 sessions of Ai-Chi exercise
pool and the control group 40 sessions of abdominal breathing
and contraction-relaxation exercises
in therapy room. Outcome variables were pain, disability, spasm, depression, fatigue, and autonomy, which were assessed before the intervention and immediately and at 4 and 10 weeks after the last treatment session. Results. The experimental group showed a significant (P<0.028) and clinically relevant decrease in pain intensity versus baseline, with an immediate posttreatment reduction in median visual analogue scale scores of 50% that was maintained for up to 10 weeks. Significant improvements were also observed in spasm, fatigue, disability, and autonomy. Conclusion. According to these findings, an Ai-Chi aquatic exercise
program improves pain, spasms, disability, fatigue, depression, and autonomy in MS patients.
Article Published Date : Jan 01, 2012