Cybermedlife - Therapeutic Actions Art Therapy

A randomized trial to test the effectiveness of art therapy for children with asthma.

Abstract Title: A randomized trial to test the effectiveness of art therapy for children with asthma. Abstract Source: J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2010 Aug;126(2):263-6, 266.e1. Epub 2010 May 11. PMID: 20462632 Abstract Author(s): Anya Beebe, Erwin W Gelfand, Bruce Bender Article Affiliation: Pediatric Behavioral Health, National Jewish Health, Denver, Colo, USA. Abstract: BACKGROUND: Art therapy has been used to help children cope with chronic illness but has not been specifically tested with children who have asthma. OBJECTIVE: To test an art therapy intervention in a randomized controlled trial in children with asthma. METHODS: Twenty-two children with asthma were randomized to an active art therapy or wait-list control group. Those in the active art therapy group participated in 60-minute art therapy sessions once a week for 7 weeks. Sessions included specific art therapy tasks designed to encourage expression, discussion, and problem-solving in response to the emotional burden of chronic illness. Measures taken at baseline, immediately after, and 6 months after the final art therapy session included the Formal Elements Art Therapy Scale applied to the Person Picking an Apple from a Tree assessment, the parent and child versions of the Pediatric Quality of Life Asthma Module, and the Beck Youth Inventories. Those children assigned to the wait-list control group completed all evaluations at the same intervals as the children receiving art therapy but did not receive the art therapy interventions. RESULTS: Score changes from baseline to completion of art therapy indicated (1) improved problem-solving and affect drawing scores; (2) improved worry, communication, and total quality of life scores; and (3) improved Beck anxiety and self concept scores in the active group relative to the control group. At 6 months, the active group maintained some positive changes relative to the control group including (1) drawing affect scores, (2) the worry and quality of life scores, and (3) the Beck anxiety score. Frequency of asthma exacerbations before and after the 6-month study interval did not differ between the 2 groups. CONCLUSION: This was the first randomized trial demonstrating that children with asthma receive benefit from art therapy that includes decreased anxiety and increased quality of life. Article Published Date : Aug 01, 2010
Therapeutic Actions Art Therapy

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[The Role of Aspirin in Preeclampsia Prevention: State of the Art].

Related Articles [The Role of Aspirin in Preeclampsia Prevention: State of the Art]. Acta Med Port. 2015 Jul-Aug;28(4):517-24 Authors: Campos A Abstract INTRODUCTION: The role of acetyl salicylic acid (ASA or aspirin) in preeclampsia prevention and in other complications has been subject to studies and controversies for the last 30 years. The first research results concerning the role of placenta in preeclampsia have been published by the end of seventies and they showed an increase in the platelet activity and a prostaglandin synthesis disturbance, as a consequence of a deficient placentation. In the last twenty years of the XX century important studies were published on the aspirinprophylactic role in preeclampsia risk reduction. MATERIAL AND METHODS: To analyze published studies about Aspirin use for preeclampsia prevention and about the more adequate dosage to be administered, Medline was used for searching the most relevant prospective research papers on this subject in order to evaluate current evidence about the use of aspirin in this context. Relevant citations were extracted from Embase, PubMed and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials. We divided the studies in two groups; one with aspirine administration before 16 weeks and the other having a larger use, between the first and the third trimester. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The first group of studies, with a lesser number of cases but an earlier time of administration until 16 weeks, concluded that a positive role of aspirine was possible in reducing severity of preeclampsia; the second group with a larger number of cases but less restricted conditions and timing of administration, had controversial results, with reduced positive actions of the drug. Meta-analysis of these published studies concluded that favorable results were associated to stricter criteria and ideal timing for startingthe drug. CONCLUSION: As we do not have other pharmacologic alternatives, low dosage of Aspirin between 80-150 mg a day in the first trimester and until 16 weeks, at evening time, is a possible choice in cases of risk, and is still contributing for an early preeclampsia risk reduction. PMID: 26574989 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]