[The effects of whole-body cryotherapy and melatonin supplementation on total antioxidative status and some antioxidative enzymes in multiple sclerosis patients].
Pol Merkur Lekarski. 2011 Sep ;31(183):150-3. PMID: 21991843
Elzbieta Miller, Małgorzata Mrowicka, Katarzyna Malinowska, Józef Kedziora, Ireneusz Majsterek
Oxidative stress is an important factor which contribute to the pathogenesis of lesions in multiple sclerosis (MS). Whole body cryotherapy (WBCT) is often used in treatment neurological and orthopedic diseases. THE AIM, MATERIAL AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to determinate the level of total antioxidative status (TAS) in plasma and activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) in erythrocytes of MS patients (n = 28) before and after 10 exposures of WBCT (-120 degrees C/3 minutes/day). 16 MS patients during 10 exposures of WBCT additionally were supplemented by 10 mg of melatonin. RESULTS: Increasing of TAS level in plasma as well as supplemented with melatonin and non-supplemented MS patients was observed after 10 exposures of WBCT Melatonin statistically significant increased activity of SOD and CAT in erythrocytes of MS patients treated with WBCT. CONCLUSIONS: Results of our study indicate significant increase of TAS level in plasma of MS patients of WBCT treatment. This indicate that WBCT might be a therapy which suppress oxidative stress in MS patients.
Article Published Date : Sep 01, 2011
Population-Based Study of the National Implementation of Therapeutic Hypothermia in Infants with Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy.
Ther Hypothermia Temp Manag. 2018 Mar;8(1):24-29
Authors: Arnaez J, García-Alix A, Arca G, Caserío S, Valverde E, Moral MT, Benavente-Fernández I, Lubián-López S
Data on the incidence of hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) in the first 6 hours of life together with the implementation of therapeutic hypothermia (TH) are relevant to delineate actions to achieve the lowest rates of neonatal mortality, morbidity, and long-term impact on health associated with HIE. This is population-based national survey study, including newborns ≥35 weeks of gestation with moderate-to-severe HIE from all level III neonatal care units, to provide the incidence of HIE for the period 2012-2013, and the implementation of TH up to June 2015 in Spain. Incidence rate was 0.77 per 1000 live births (95% confidence interval 0.72-0.83). By June 2015, 63% (57/90) of the units had implemented TH; 95% of them performed servo-controlled whole-body TH. For the 2-year period, 86% of the newborns diagnosed with moderate-to-severe HIE received TH. Active TH increased in use from 78% in 2012 to 85% in 2013 (p = 0.01). The main reasons for not cooling were a delay in the diagnosis (31/682) and the fact that the treatment was not offered (20/682). Interhospital patient transfer was performed using passive hypothermia, by appropriately trained personnel in 61% of centers. Eighteen percent of newborns with moderate or severe HIE died, without significant differences between the 2 years. Up-to-date knowledge of the national coverage of neonatal care of infants with HIE in developed countries is a prerequisite to reducing the load of HIE in this area and to facilitating coordinated, eliminate investigation.
PMID: 28800288 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]