Dietary Therapies: Emerging Paradigms in Therapy of Drug Resistant Epilepsy in Children : Based on 6th Dr. I. C. Verma Excellence in Research Award Oration.
Indian J Pediatr. 2018 Sep 21;:
Authors: Gulati S
About one-third of childhood epilepsy ultimately becomes drug resistant epilepsy. Only about one-third of drug resistant epilepsy is amenable for epilepsy surgery. Epilepsy surgery and vagal nerve stimulation is still beyond the reach of huge proportion of children with pharmacoresistant epilepsy. Ketogenic diet (KD) has been in use for almost a century now all over the world for drug resistant epilepsy, although in between there was a decline in its popularity with advent of newer antiepileptic drugs like valproate, phenytoin and carbamazepine. Again from 1990s there was resurgence of interest in KD for pharmacoresistant epilepsy and in the last two decades several randomized controlled trials and systemic reviews have proved its efficacy beyond any suspicion. Ketogenic diet is a high fat low carbohydrate
and low protein diet, which has been found to reduce epileptogenesis in body most probably by production of ketone bodies. Modified Atkin's Diet (MAD) first introduced in 2003 and Low Glycemic Index Treatment (LGIT) first introduced in 2005 are another two dietary therapies, which are less restrictive, more palatable with fewer adverse effects and comparable efficacy. MAD is also a high fat, low carbohydrate
diet, in which high sugar foods are discouraged and protein and fluids are unrestricted. In LGIT, only carbohydrates with Glycemic Index <50 are allowed and carbohydrate intake is restricted to 40-60 g per day. Medium Chain Triglyceride KD (MCT KD) is another alternative, in which there are more food choices as compared to classic KD, with comparable efficacy.
PMID: 30242606 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]