Cybermedlife - Therapeutic Actions Dietary Modification - Less Acid-More Alkaline

Neutralization of Western diet inhibits bone resorption independently of K intake and reduces cortisol secretion in humans. 📎

Abstract Title: Neutralization of Western diet inhibits bone resorption independently of K intake and reduces cortisol secretion in humans. Abstract Source: Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2003 Jan;284(1):F32-40. Epub 2002 Sep 24. PMID: 12388390 Abstract Author(s): Marc Maurer, Walter Riesen, Juergen Muser, Henry N Hulter, Reto Krapf Abstract: A Western-type diet is associated with osteoporosis and calcium nephrolithiasis. On the basis of observations that calcium retention and inhibition of bone resorption result from alkali administration, it is assumed that the acid load inherent in this diet is responsible for increased bone resorption and calcium loss from bone. However, it is not known whether the dietary acid load acts directly or indirectly (i.e., via endocrine changes) on bone metabolism. It is also unclear whether alkali administration affects bone resorption/calcium balance directly or whether alkali-induced calcium retention is dependent on the cation (i.e., potassium) supplied with administered base. The effects of neutralization of dietary acid load (equimolar amounts of NaHCO(3) and KHCO(3) substituted for NaCl and KCl) in nine healthy subjects (6 men, 3 women) under metabolic balance conditions on calcium balance, bone markers, and endocrine systems relevant to bone [glucocorticoid secretion, IGF-1, parathyroid hormone (PTH)/1,25(OH)(2) vitamin D and thyroid hormones] were studied. Neutralization for 7 days induced a significant cumulative calcium retention (10.7 +/- 0.4 mmol) and significantly reduced the urinary excretion of deoxypyridinoline, pyridinoline, and n-telopeptide. Mean daily plasma cortisol decreased from 264 +/- 45 to 232 +/- 43 nmol/l (P = 0.032), and urinary excretion of tetrahydrocortisol (THF) decreased from 2,410 +/- 210 to 2,098 +/- 190 microg/24 h (P = 0.027). No significant effect was found on free IGF-1, PTH/1,25(OH)(2) vitamin D, or thyroid hormones. An acidogenic Western diet results in mild metabolic acidosis in association with a state of cortisol excess, altered divalent ion metabolism, and increased bone resorptive indices. Acidosis-induced increases in cortisol secretion and plasma concentration may play a role in mild acidosis-induced alterations in bone metabolism and possibly in osteoporosis associated with an acidogenic Western diet. Article Published Date : Jan 01, 2003
Therapeutic Actions DIETARY MODIFICATION Less Acid-More Alkaline

NCBI pubmed

Effect of caloric restriction on liver function in young and old ApoE/LDLr-/- mice

Related Articles Effect of caloric restriction on liver function in young and old ApoE/LDLr-/- mice Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig. 2018;69(1):37-43 Authors: Kostogrys RB, Franczyk-Żarów M, Manterys A, Wybrańska I Abstract Background: Caloric restriction (CR) leads to decrease metabolic intensity, which results in a reduction of oxygen consumption and the amount of free radicals. This can affect the function of the liver. Studies show that caloric restriction does not alter or significantly increase the enzyme activity associated with gluconeogenesis, but the effect was different according to the age of the model animals. Objective: The aim of the study was to determine the effect of caloric restriction on liver function in young and old ApoE/ LDLr-/- mice. Material and methods: Dietary experiments were performed on 2 and 5 month old male ApoE/LDLr-/- mice. Animals were divided into 3 experimental groups (n=6) and fed AIN’93G diet for 8 and 5 weeks, respectively. Control animals were fed ad libitum (AL) and housed in a colony cages. These animals were checked for dietary intake. The second group were also fed ad libitum but the animals were kept individually in cages (stress AL- sAL). Similarly to sAL group, the animals from the CR group were kept individually but received a 30% less diet compared to AL group. At the end of the experiment animals were euthanized and the blood, liver and adipose tissue have been collected. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) as well as aspartate aminotransferase (AST) were measured in plasma. Fatty acid profile was evaluated (relative %) in adipose tissue (GC-MS). Liver’s stetosis was assessed. Results were analyzed statistically (ANOVA, STATISTICA v.10.0). Results: CR ApoE/LDLr-/- mice showed significantly lower body weight compared to animals, both AL and sAL. There were no significant differences between ALT and AST in both younger and older animals. However, negative tendencies were more pronounced in younger animals. In young animals CR significantly increased liver weight compared to AL (4.14 vs 3.73g/100g). In adipose tissue fatty acid profile differed in CR mice compared to control in young animals. Conclusions: Caloric restriction did not affect liver enzymes in mice. Caloric restriction showed similar but not identical metabolic activity in young and old mice. PMID: 29517190 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]