Effects of Motivational Self-Talk
and Cognitive Performance in the Heat.
Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2017 Jan;49(1):191-199
Authors: Wallace PJ, McKinlay BJ, Coletta NA, Vlaar JI, Taber MJ, Wilson PM, Cheung SS
PURPOSE: We tested the effectiveness of a 2-wk motivational self-talk
(MST) intervention-specific to heat tolerance-on endurance
capacity and cognitive function in the heat.
METHODS: Eighteen trained male (n = 14) and female (n = 4) cyclists randomly received 2 wk of MST training (n = 9) or a control regimen (CON, n = 9). The experimental protocol was a PRE/POST design consisting of 30 min of cycling
at 60% peak power output (PPO) in the heat (35°C, 50% relative humidity, ~3.0 m·s airflow), a 30-min rest period, followed by a time to exhaustion (TTE) test at 80% PPO, and an identical rest period. Executive function, reaction time, and working memory were tested at baseline and each rest period. Key measures included TTE, speed and accuracy on the cognitive tests, rectal temperature, HR, oxygen consumption, and RPE.
RESULTS: Group (MST vs CON) × test (PRE vs POST) × time repeated-measures ANOVA revealed that MST significantly increased TTE from PRE (487 ± 173 s) to POST (679 ± 251 s, P = 0.021) concurrent with a higher terminating rectal temperature (PRE, 38.5°C ± 0.2°C; POST, 38.8°C ± 0.4°C; P = 0.023); no TTE (PRE, 531 ± 178 s; POST, 510 ± 216 s; P = 0.28) or rectal temperature (PRE, 38.4°C ± 0.3°C; POST, 38.4°C ± 0.2°C; P = 1.000) changes were found in CON. MST significantly improved both speed and accuracy for executive function from PRE/POST, with no PRE/POST differences for CON on any cognitive measure. There were no interactions (all P > 0.05) for other key measures.
CONCLUSION: Motivational self-talk is effective in altering the internal psychophysiological control of exercise
and plays a role in improving endurance capacity and executive function in the heat.
PMID: 27580154 [PubMed - in process]