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PILATES (Physical Activity and Diet Survey): An Italian Self-Administered Questionnaire Evaluating Diet Habits of Gym-Goers. Validation Process.

Related Articles PILATES (Physical Activity and Diet Survey): An Italian Self-Administered Questionnaire Evaluating Diet Habits of Gym-Goers. Validation Process. J Diet Suppl. 2018 Apr 19;:1-11 Authors: Gianfredi V, Nucci D, Ceccarelli F, Villarini M, Moretti M Abstract PILATES study aims are to assess the main characteristics related to food habits, diet behaviors, and nutrition knowledge and how and where gym-goers get information on dietary supplementation. We present evidence for the reliability, feasibility, and construct validity of the PILATES questionnaire. Cohen's kappa statistic (k) for dichotomous variables was used to assess the agreement between the two administrations (interrater agreement). The nutrient composition and energy of food were derived from the Food Composition Database for Epidemiological Studies in Italy (Banca Dati di Composizione degli Alimenti per Studi Epidemiologici in Italia - BDA). Because of energy intake, waist circumference and weight are continuous variables; we calculate the agreement between the two interviews using Spearman's rho coefficient (nonparametric measure of rank correlation). An Italian 21-item self-administered questionnaire was designed and pretested on 28 students in food science and human nutrition at the University of Perugia who were enrolled on a voluntary basis. After verifying the feasibility of the questionnaire, pretest evaluation showed a generally high concordance with an 87.32% of agreement and k value = 0.71 ± 0.23. In addition, weight, daily energy intake, and waist circumference confirmed a statistically significant agreement (p <.001, Spearman rho coefficient). PILATES questionnaire is a valid tool to estimate dietary intakes in a fairly simple, cost-effective, and timesaving manner. PMID: 29672181 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Impact of Pilates Exercise in Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Related Articles Impact of Pilates Exercise in Multiple Sclerosis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Int J MS Care. 2018 Mar-Apr;20(2):92-100 Authors: Duff WRD, Andrushko JW, Renshaw DW, Chilibeck PD, Farthing JP, Danielson J, Evans CD Abstract Background: Pilates is a series of exercises based on whole-body movement and may improve mobility in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of Pilates on walking performance in people with MS. Methods: 30 individuals with MS who were not restricted to a wheelchair or scooter (Patient-Determined Disease Steps scale score <7) were randomized to receive Pilates (twice weekly) and massage therapy (once weekly) or once-weekly massage therapy only (control group). The Pilates was delivered in a group setting (five to ten participants per session). The primary outcome was change in walking performance (6-Minute Walk Test) after 12 weeks. Secondary outcomes included functional ability (Timed Up and Go test), balance (Fullerton Advanced Balance Scale), flexibility (sit and reach test), body composition (dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry), core endurance (plank-hold test), and muscle strength and voluntary activation (quadriceps). Intention-to-treat analysis was performed using a two-factor repeated-measures analysis of variance. Results: Walking distance increased by a mean (SD) of 52.4 (40.2) m in the Pilates group versus 15.0 (34.1) m in the control group (group × time, P = .01). Mean (SD) time to complete the Timed Up and Go test decreased by 1.5 (2.8) seconds in the Pilates group versus an increase of 0.3 (0.9) seconds in the control group (group × time, P = .03). There were no other significant differences between groups over time. Conclusions: Pilates improved walking performance and functional ability in persons with MS and is a viable exercise option to help manage the disease. PMID: 29670495 [PubMed]