Mood color choice helps to predict response to hypnotherapy in patients with irritable bowel syndrome.
BMC Complement Altern Med. 2010;10:75. Epub 2010 Dec 7. PMID: 21138549
[No authors listed]
Department of Medicine, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.
BACKGROUND: Approximately two thirds of patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) respond well to hypnotherapy. However, it is time consuming as well as expensive to provide and therefore a way of predicting outcome would be extremely useful. The use of imagery and color form an integral part of the hypnotherapeutic process and we have hypothesised that investigating color and how it relates to mood might help to predict response to treatment. In order to undertake this study we have previously developed and validated a method of presenting colors to individuals for research purposes called the Manchester Color Wheel (MCW). Using this instrument we have been able to classify colors into positive, neutral and negative shades and this study aimed to assess their predictive role in hypnotherapy.
METHODS: 156 consecutive IBS patients (aged 14-74, mean 42.0 years, 127 (81%) females, 29 (19%) males) were studied. Before treatment, each patient was asked to relate their mood to a color on the MCW as well as completing the IBS Symptom Severity Score, the Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) Scale, the Non-colonic Symptom Scale, the Quality of Life Scale and the Tellegen Absorption Scale (TAS) which is a measure of hypnotisability. Following hypnotherapy all these measures were repeated with the exception of the TAS.
RESULTS: For patients with a positive mood color the odds of responding to hypnotherapy were nine times higher than that of those choosing either a neutral or negative color or no color at all (odds ratio: 8.889; p = 0.042). Furthermore, a high TAS score and the presence of HAD anxiety also had good predictive value (odds ratio: 4.024; p = 0.092, 3.917; p<0.001 respectively) with these markers and a positive mood color being independent of each other. In addition, these factors could be combined to give an even stronger prediction of outcome. Twice as many responders (63, 77.8%) had a positive mood color or were anxious or had a high TAS score compared with 32 (42.7%) without these factors (p<0.001).
CONCLUSION: A positive mood color, especially when combined with HAD anxiety and a high TAS score, predict a good response to hypnotherapy.
Article Published Date : Jan 01, 2010
Premenstrual Syndrome, Inflammatory Status, and Mood States in Soccer Players.
Neuroimmunomodulation. 2019 Jan 17;:1-6
Authors: Foster R, Vaisberg M, Bachi ALL, Dos Santos JMB, de Paula Vieira R, Luna-Junior LA, Araújo MP, Parmigiano TR, Borges F, Di-Bella ZIKJ
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relationship between the inflammatory profile and mood states in the different phases of the menstrual cycle in soccer players with and without premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
METHODS: Data on the menstrual cycle and mood states were collected using the Daily Symptom Report and the Brunel Mood Scale. Cytokine and stress hormone concentrations were measured in urine by flow cytometry before and after a game in the luteal phase and in the follicular phase of one menstrual cycle.
RESULTS: In all, 59.6% of the athletes had PMS. The PMS group showed higher concentrations of interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-6, and IL-8 than the athletes without PMS. After the game, IL-6 decreased in the follicular phase and the luteal phase. The tumor necrosis factor-α levels were higher in the group without PMS during the post-game follicular phase than before the game. In the PMS group, tension was higher in the follicular phase before the game and depression was higher in the pre-game luteal phase than in the group without PMS. The PMS group also presented a negative correlation between depression and IL-10 levels in the pre-game follicular phase. Finally, in the pre-game luteal phase were found positive correlations between growth hormone and IL-10.
CONCLUSION: PMS influences the inflammatory condition related to mood states and stress hormones in female soccer players.
PMID: 30654383 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Effects of emotions on heart rate asymmetry.
Psychophysiology. 2019 Jan 17;:e13318
Authors: Kaczmarek LD, Behnke M, Enko J, Kosakowski M, Hughes BM, Piskorski J, Guzik P
Heart rate asymmetry (HRA) is an index that accounts for an uneven contribution of decelerations and accelerations to the heart rate variability (HRV). Clinical studies indicated that HRA measures have additive clinical value over the more frequently used HRV indexes. Despite the abundance of studies on psychological influences on HRV, little is known whether psychological factors influence HRA. Based on previous research regarding HRA and stress, we expected that negative emotions compared to positive emotions would decrease the contribution of decelerations to HRV. Thirty female participants watched three clips that produced negative emotions, positive emotions, and neutral affect. Besides electrocardiogram, we measured several physiological and behavioral responses to ascertain the affective impact of the clips. Using the RR interval time series, we calculated HRV and HRA indexes. We found that HRA differentiated between positive emotions and negative emotions reactivity. Positive emotions produced a higher number of decelerations in short-term variability to the total short-term variability (C1d ) compared to negative emotions. Moreover, C1d correlated with subjective ratings of affect. In sum, the results of this study indicated that HRA is sensitive to psychological influences. HRA indexes are likely to contribute to a more nuanced physiological differentiation between emotions.
PMID: 30653666 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Knowledge, attitude and practice of pharmacists on medication therapy management: a survey in Hospital Pulau Pinang, Penang, Malaysia.
J Pharm Health Care Sci. 2019;5:1
Authors: Al-Tameemi NK, Sarriff A
Background: Medication therapy management (MTM) service provides set of clinical activities to optimize therapeutic outcomes for patients. It requires the collaboration between patient, pharmacist and other healthcare providers to ensure safe and effective use of medicines. The objective of the current study was to assess Hospital Pulau Pinang pharmacists' knowledge, attitude and practice on MTM service.
Methods: A self-administrated validated survey was carried out among all pharmacists working at Hospital Pulau Pinang.
Results: A total of 93 pharmacists out of 130 (71.5%) were included in the study (61.3% between the age of 20-30 years old, 74.2% female, 68.8% Chinese, 88.2% holding bachelor's degree and 48.4% working in medication therapy adherence clinic and outpatient pharmacy). Majority of pharmacists had a high level of knowledge and positive attitudes regarding MTM service. All pharmacists agreed that MTM service could improve the quality of health services and most pharmacists were interested in providing MTM service (92.5%). Moreover, 95.7% were interested in acquiring more information about MTM service. About the barriers that might affect MTM service implementation, the most common barriers identified by pharmacists were lack of training (88.2%), need of high budget to implement MTM service (51.6%) and lack of time (46.2%).
Conclusions: Overall, the research findings provide some insights about the Hospital Pulau Pinang pharmacists' knowledge, attitude and practice regarding MTM service. Majority of pharmacists agreed and showed their interest towards the implementation of MTM service.
PMID: 30652009 [PubMed]
Routine preoperative mechanical bowel preparation with additive oral antibiotics is associated with a reduced risk of anastomotic leakage in patients undergoing elective oncologic resection for colorectal cancer.
World J Surg Oncol. 2019 Jan 16;17(1):20
Authors: Ambe PC, Zarras K, Stodolski M, Wirjawan I, Zirngibl H
BACKGROUND: Anastomotic leakage (AL) following colorectal resection is a serious issue. AL in oncologic patients might negatively affect the overall survival. Recently, mechanical bowel preparation with additive oral antibiotics (MBP + AB) prior to surgery has been suggested as a means of reducing AL. However, it is unclear whether this positive effect is secondary to MBP alone or secondary to the additive oral antibiotic (MBP + AB). The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mechanical bowel preparation with additive oral antibiotics (MBP + AB) and without additive oral antibiotics (MBP - AB) on the rate of AL following colorectal resection for cancer.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients undergoing surgical management for colorectal cancer with anastomosis from January 2014 till September 2017 were included for analysis. Cases undergoing MBP + AB were included in the study group. Patients undergoing MBP - AB were included in the control group. Both groups were compared with regard to the rate of AL.
RESULTS: Four hundred and ninety-six patients: 125 undergoing MBP + AB and 371 undergoing MBP - AB were included for analysis. Significantly, more male patients were included in the MBP - AB group compared to the MBP + AB group: 60.1% vs. 45.6% respectively (p = 0.03). Both groups were similar with regard to age distribution and clinicopathological findings (p > 0.05). The rate of AL was significantly higher in the control group (MBP - AB) compared to study group (MBP + AB) (9.1% vs. 4.0%, p = 0.03).
CONCLUSION: Mechanical bowel preparation with additive oral antibiotics prior to elective colorectal resection with anastomosis significantly reduces the risk of AL. Therefore, mechanical bowel preparation with additive non-absorbable oral antibiotics should be recommended in all cases prior to elective colorectal surgery.
PMID: 30651119 [PubMed - in process]
Pregnant Women in Turkey Experience Severe Fear of Childbirth: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
J Transcult Nurs. 2019 Jan 17;:1043659618823905
Authors: Deliktas A, Kukulu K
BACKGROUND: Culture is an important factor to determine fear of childbirth which is shaped by social learning processes. The purpose of this study is to determine the level of fear of childbirth among Turkish healthy pregnant women.
METHOD: The researchers reviewed the eight databases considering inclusion criteria and 14 studies were included. The data analysis was conducted using meta-analysis.
RESULTS: Pregnant women experienced severe levels of fear, 67.26 ± 4.08, 95% confidence interval [59.26, 75.26], and 21 out of every 100 women experienced clinical level of fear. Between study variance was significant for parity (Qb = 6.40, p = .04) and region (Qb = 19.14, p = .00) moderators.
CONCLUSIONS: The high level of FOC, particularly in the Eastern region, suggests that some of the cultural factors in the Eastern region in Turkey negatively affect the birth expectations. In a country like Turkey with a multicultural population, the health care professional should provide culturally sensitive care.
PMID: 30651038 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
The brave blue world: Facebook flow and Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD).
PLoS One. 2018;13(7):e0201484
Authors: Brailovskaia J, Rohmann E, Bierhoff HW, Margraf J
The present study investigated the relationship between flow experienced when using Facebook (Facebook flow; i.e., experience of intensive enjoyment and pleasure generated by Facebook use due to which the Facebook activity is continued even at high costs of this behavior) and Facebook Addiction Disorder (FAD). In a sample of 398 Facebook users (age: M (SD) = 33.01 (11.23), range: 18-64), the significant positive association between Facebook flow and FAD was positively moderated by the intensity of Facebook use. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that all six items assessing FAD loaded on the same factor as two items belonging to the subscale telepresence of Facebook flow. Therefore, the close link between Facebook flow and FAD may in particular result from the immersion in an attractive online world created by Facebook, where users escape to forget their everyday obligations and problems. Present results provide first evidence that Facebook flow may be an anteceded of FAD and indicate the mechanisms that may contribute to its development and maintenance. Practical applications for future studies and limitations of present results are discussed.
PMID: 30048544 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]