Cybermedlife - Therapeutic Actions Dietary Modification - Low Iron

Attenuation of acute and chronic liver injury in rats by iron-deficient diet. 📎

Abstract Title: Attenuation of acute and chronic liver injury in rats by iron-deficient diet. Abstract Source: Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2008 Feb;294(2):R311-20. Epub 2007 Nov 21. PMID: 18032466 Abstract Author(s): Kohji Otogawa, Tomohiro Ogawa, Ryoko Shiga, Kazuki Nakatani, Kazuo Ikeda, Yuji Nakajima, Norifumi Kawada Abstract: Oxidative stress due to iron deposition in hepatocytes or Kupffer cells contributes to the initiation and perpetuation of liver injury. The aim of this study was to clarify the association between dietary iron and liver injuries in rats. Liver injury was initiated by the administration of thioacetamide or ligation of the common bile duct in rats fed a control diet (CD) or iron-deficient diet (ID). In the acute liver injury model induced by thioacetamide, serum levels of aspartate aminotransferase and alanine aminotransferase, as well as hepatic levels of lipid peroxide and 4-hydroxynonenal, were significantly decreased in the ID group. The expression of 8-hydroxydeoxyguanosine and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase biotin-dUTP nick-end labeling positivity showed a similar tendency. The expression of interleukin-1beta and monocyte chemotactic protein-1 mRNA was suppressed in the ID group. In liver fibrosis induced by an 8-wk thioacetamide administration, ID suppressed collagen deposition and smooth muscle alpha-actin expression. The expressions of collagen 1A2, transforming growth factor beta, and platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta mRNA were all significantly decreased in the ID group. Liver fibrosis was additionally suppressed in the bile-duct ligation model by ID. In culture experiments, deferoxamine attenuated the activation process of rat hepatic stellate cells, a dominant producer of collagen in the liver. In conclusion, reduced dietary iron is considered to be beneficial in improving acute and chronic liver injuries by reducing oxidative stress. The results obtained in this study support the clinical usefulness of an iron-reduced diet for the improvement of liver disorders induced by chronic hepatitis C and alcoholic/nonalcoholic steatohepatitis. Article Published Date : Feb 01, 2008
Therapeutic Actions DIETARY MODIFICATION Low Iron

NCBI pubmed

Blood iron levels in accordance with adherence to a gluten-free diet in celiac school aged children.

Related Articles Blood iron levels in accordance with adherence to a gluten-free diet in celiac school aged children. Nutr Hosp. 2017 Oct 27;35(1):25-32 Authors: Pirán Arce MF, Aballay LR, Leporati JL, Navarro A, Forneris M Abstract INTRODUCTION: Celiac disease (CD) causes intestinal damage, inability to absorb nutrients, and progressive malnutrition. Iron deficiency is one of the predominant nutritional problems. A strict gluten-free diet (GF) allows for an optimal quality of life. OBJECTIVE: To assess the nutritional situation of iron in school-aged celiac children by determining biochemical parameters, their relation to the consumption of the mineral and adherence to gluten-free diets in San Luis. METHODS: Observational, analytical and cross-sectional study. We included 44 children with CD, from 6-10 years of age, with diagnosis of celiac disease and registered in public and private entities of San Luis (Argentina) during 2011-2012. A qualitative-quantitative survey was used to determine dietary habits and sociodemographic characteristics. Iron levels and adherence to a GF diet were evaluated. Generalized linear regression models were constructed to verify the association of ferritin with iron consumption and adherence to diet. RESULTS: Most families had low socioeconomic status and were large families. Current feeding did not prevent iron deficiency anemia. Most children had normal immune system, and normal antiendomysial and antitransglutaminase antibodies; 7% of the children showed low levels of iron. Under adequate iron consumption conditions, ferritin was associated to predictor antibodies and the presence of both parents in the home. CONCLUSION: Under adequate conditions of iron consumption, the levels of iron in blood were related to adherence to gluten-free diets. PMID: 29565145 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

Association between Haem and Non-Haem Iron Intake and Serum Ferritin in Healthy Young Women.

Related Articles Association between Haem and Non-Haem Iron Intake and Serum Ferritin in Healthy Young Women. Nutrients. 2018 Jan 12;10(1): Authors: Young I, Parker HM, Rangan A, Prvan T, Cook RL, Donges CE, Steinbeck KS, O'Dwyer NJ, Cheng HL, Franklin JL, O'Connor HT Abstract Iron is an essential micronutrient for human health and inadequate intake may result in iron deficiency (ID) or iron deficiency anaemia (IDA). Unlike other recent studies investigating iron status in young women, this cross-sectional study analysed dietary intake and biochemical data from healthy young (18-35 years) women (n = 299) to determine the association between both haem iron (HI) and non-haem iron (NHI) intakes and serum ferritin (SF). Dietary restraint and possible inflammation secondary to obesity were also measured and accounted for, and energy intake was adjusted for using the residuals method. Independent samples t-tests and chi-squared tests were performed, and factors found to be significantly different between iron replete (IR) and ID/IDA participants were analysed using general linear modelling. ID/IDA participants consumed significantly lower total energy than iron replete (IR) (p = 0.003). Lower energy intake was also associated with higher levels of dietary restraint (p = 0.001). Both HI and NHI were positively associated with SF with HI was found to be a stronger predictor (β = 0.128, p = 0.009) than NHI (β = 0.037, p = 0.028). The study demonstrates that intake of both HI and NHI, as well as adequate dietary energy, are associated with normal iron status levels in young women, and that restrained eaters may be at greater risk of low iron status. PMID: 29329258 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]