Cybermedlife - Therapeutic Actions Loving-Kindness Meditation

Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. 📎

Abstract Title: Open hearts build lives: positive emotions, induced through loving-kindness meditation, build consequential personal resources. Abstract Source: J Pers Soc Psychol. 2008 Nov ;95(5):1045-62. PMID: 18954193 Abstract Author(s): Barbara L Fredrickson, Michael A Cohn, Kimberly A Coffey, Jolynn Pek, Sandra M Finkel Article Affiliation: Department of Psychology, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC 27599, USA. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Abstract: B. L. Fredrickson's (1998, 2001) broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions asserts that people's daily experiences of positive emotions compound over time to build a variety of consequential personal resources. The authors tested this build hypothesis in a field experiment with working adults (n = 139), half of whom were randomly-assigned to begin a practice of loving-kindness meditation. Results showed that this meditation practice produced increases over time in daily experiences of positive emotions, which, in turn, produced increases in a wide range of personal resources (e.g., increased mindfulness, purpose in life, social support, decreased illness symptoms). In turn, these increments in personal resources predicted increased life satisfaction and reduced depressive symptoms. Discussion centers on how positive emotions are the mechanism of change for the type of mind-training practice studied here and how loving-kindness meditation is an intervention strategy that produces positive emotions in a way that outpaces the hedonic treadmill effect. Article Published Date : Oct 31, 2008

Loving-kindness meditation for chronic low back pain: results from a pilot trial.

Abstract Title: Loving-kindness meditation for chronic low back pain: results from a pilot trial. Abstract Source: J Holist Nurs. 2005 Sep ;23(3):287-304. PMID: 16049118 Abstract Author(s): James W Carson, Francis J Keefe, Thomas R Lynch, Kimberly M Carson, Veeraindar Goli, Anne Marie Fras, Steven R Thorp Article Affiliation: Duke University Medical Center, USA. Abstract: PURPOSE: Loving-kindness meditation has been used for centuries in the Buddhist tradition to develop love and transform anger into compassion. This pilot study tested an 8-week loving-kindness program for chronic low back pain patients. METHOD: Patients (N = 43) were randomly assigned to the intervention or standard care. Standardized measures assessed patients' pain, anger, and psychological distress. FINDINGS: Post and follow-up analyses showed significant improvements in pain and psychological distress in the loving-kindness group, but no changes in the usual care group. Multilevel analyses of daily data showed that more loving-kindness practice on a given day was related to lower pain that day and lower anger the next day. CONCLUSIONS: Preliminary results suggest that the loving-kindness program can be beneficial in reducing pain, anger, and psychological distress in patients with persistent low back pain. IMPLICATIONS: Clinicians may find loving-kindness meditation helpful in the treatment of patients with persistent pain. Article Published Date : Aug 31, 2005
Therapeutic Actions Loving-Kindness Meditation

NCBI pubmed

Acute Effects of Meditation Training on the Waking and Sleeping Brain: is it all about homeostasis?

Related Articles Acute Effects of Meditation Training on the Waking and Sleeping Brain: is it all about homeostasis? Eur J Neurosci. 2018 Aug 24;: Authors: Dentico D, Bachhuber D, Riedner BA, Ferrarelli F, Tononi G, Davidson RJ, Lutz A Abstract Our recent finding of a meditation-related increase in low-frequency NREM sleep EEG oscillatory activities peaking in the theta-alpha range (4-12 Hz) was not predicted. From a consolidated body of research on sleep homeostasis, we would expect a change peaking in slow wave activity (1-4 Hz) following an intense meditation session. Here we compared these changes in sleep with the post-meditation changes in waking rest scalp power to further characterize their functional significance. High-density EEG recordings were acquired from 27 long-term meditators (LTM) on three separate days at baseline and following two 8-h sessions of either mindfulness or compassion-and-loving-kindness meditation. Thirty-one meditation-naïve participants (MNP) were recorded at the same time points. As a common effect of meditation practice, we found increases in low and fast waking EEG oscillations for LTM only, peaking at 8 and 15 Hz respectively, over prefrontal, and left centro-parietal electrodes. Paralleling our previous findings in sleep, there was no significant difference between meditation styles in LTM as well as no difference between matched sessions in MNP. Meditation-related changes in wakefulness and NREM sleep were correlated across space and frequency. A significant correlation was found in the EEG low frequencies (<12 Hz). Since the peak of coupling was observed in the theta-alpha oscillatory range, sleep homeostatic response to meditation practice is not sufficient to explain our findings. Another likely phenomenon into play is a reverberation of meditation-related processes during subsequent sleep. Future studies should ascertain the interplay between these processes in promoting the beneficial effects of meditation practice. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 30144201 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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