An Integrative Approach to Prostate Cancer
J Altern Complement Med. 2018 Sep/Oct;24(9-10):872-880
Authors: Abrams DI
OBJECTIVES: The mostly indolent natural history and long overall survival associated with a diagnosis of prostate cancer
provides a unique opportunity for men to explore diet and lifestyle interventions to alter the trajectory of their disease. As many patients may be appropriate for postponing conventional therapy, the effects of various integrative interventions can be investigated. In addition, treatment of prostate cancer
with surgery, radiation, or androgen deprivation therapy, all may produce physical or psychological side effects that could be amenable to complementary therapies. This article serves to review salient information in the published literature.
DESIGN: A review of published research was conducted.
RESULTS: A plant-based antioxidant-rich diet with an emphasis on cruciferous vegetables, tomatoes, soy, pomegranate, and marine omega 3 fatty acids while avoiding saturated fats, including dairy products is the best option. Supplementation with vitamin D3, omega 3, and some nutraceutical-based preparations may be advised. It is likely prudent to avoid vitamin E and selenium supplements. Physical activity has been shown to have multiple benefits in men diagnosed with all stages of prostate cancer
from strengthening bones, improving body habitus, and enhancing overall wellbeing. Yoga
, combining physical activity with a mind-body component, has been shown to have a salutogenic effect in both prostate cancer
patients and their caregivers. Traditional Chinese Medicine
may be particularly useful in managing side effects of conventional treatments, especially the hot flashes associated with androgen deprivation therapy. Although the long natural history, availability of a useful blood marker of disease progression and prolonged survival are overall positive features, they also combine to allow men to live for a long time with diagnosed cancer, fear of progression, or recurrence and fixation on changes in their prostate-specific antigen level. The resultant stress can be deleterious to general health as well as possibly the natural history of their disease. Mind-body interventions to reduce stress, including mindfulness-based stress reduction and support groups may be useful adjunctive therapies.
CONCLUSION: Men with prostate cancer
may benefit from lifestyle and complementary interventions integrated with their conventional care.
PMID: 30247964 [PubMed - in process]