Kata techniques training consistently decreases stereotypy in children with autism spectrum disorder.
Res Dev Disabil. 2012 Jul ;33(4):1183-93. Epub 2012 Mar 22. PMID: 22502844
Fatimah Bahrami, Ahmadreza Movahedi, Sayed Mohammad Marandi, Ahmad Abedi
College of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Hezar Jarib Street, Isfahan, Iran.
The effects of 14 weeks of Kata techniques training on stereotypic behaviors of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) were investigated. The study included 30 eligible (diagnosed ASD, school age) children with ages ranging from 5 to 16 years whom they assigned to an exercise (n=15) or a no-exercise control group (n=15). Participants of the exercise group received Kata techniques instruction four times per week for 14 weeks (56 sessions). Stereotypy was assessed at baseline (pre-intervention), week 14 (post-intervention), and at one month follow up in both groups. Results showed that Kata techniques training significantly reduced stereotypy in the exercise group. Following participation in Kata techniques training, stereotypy decreased from baseline levels by a M of 42.54% across participants. Interestingly, after 30 days of no practice, stereotypy in the exercise group remained significantly decreased compared to pre-intervention time. The participants of the control group did not show significant changes in the stereotypy. Teaching martial arts techniques to children with ASD for a long period of time consistently decreased their stereotypic behaviors.
Article Published Date : Jun 30, 2012
The Effect of Spironolactone on the Incidence of Contrast-Induced Nephropathy in Patients Undergoing Cardiac Catheterization: Study Design and Rationale.
Cardiol Ther. 2018 May 21;:
Authors: Mujtaba A, Taher MA, Hazza MA, Al-Rubaye HM, Kata AH, AbdulWahab H, AbdulBari A, AlRubay HK
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary catheterization are at high risk of developing contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) acute kidney injury (AKI). Several approaches have been supposed to limit such an effect but with mixed results or non-practical methods. Spironolactone is supposed to be effective as a nephroprotective agent in animal studies. This study will try to measure the effect of spironolactone on the incidence of CIN-AKI in patients undergoing coronary catheterization (angiography angioplasty).
METHODS: This study is a single-center, investigator-driven, double-blinded randomized controlled study in Iraq-Basra. More than 400 patients admitted for coronary angio unit in our center will be allocated in a 1:1 ratio to receive either spironolactone 200 mg single dose or placebo in addition to their usual premedication.
PLANNED OUTCOMES: Primary end point will be CIN defined as more than 25% or 0.3 mg/dl elevation in serum creatinine (S.Cr.) from baseline during the first 2-3 days after the procedure. We hope to identify or answer an important question regarding CIN in such high-risk patients.
TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier, NCT03329443.
PMID: 29785539 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]