CYBERMED LIFE - ORGANIC  & NATURAL LIVING

Cybermedlife - Therapeutic Actions Moxibustion

Electroacupuncture and moxibustion promote regeneration of injured sciatic nerve through Schwann cell proliferation and nerve growth factor secretion. 📎

Abstract Title: Electroacupuncture and moxibustion promote regeneration of injured sciatic nerve through Schwann cell proliferation and nerve growth factor secretion. Abstract Source: Neural Regen Res. 2018 Mar ;13(3):477-483. PMID: 29623933 Abstract Author(s): Lin-Na Hu, Jin-Xin Tian, Wei Gao, Jing Zhu, Fang-Fang Mou, Xiao-Chun Ye, Yu-Pu Liu, Ping-Ping Lu, Shui-Jin Shao, Hai-Dong Guo Article Affiliation: Lin-Na Hu Abstract: Using electroacupuncture and moxibustion to treat peripheral nerve injury is highly efficient with low side effects. However, the electroacupuncture- and moxibustion-based mechanisms underlying nerve repair are still unclear. Here, in vivo and in vitro experiments uncovered one mechanism through which electroacupuncture and moxibustion affect regeneration after peripheral nerve injury. We first established rat models of sciatic nerve injury using neurotomy. Rats were treated with electroacupuncture or moxibustion at acupoints Huantiao (GB30) and Zusanli (ST36). Each treatment lasted 15 minutes, and treatments were given six times a week for 4 consecutive weeks. Behavioral testing was used to determine the sciatic functional index. We used electrophysiological detection to measure sciatic nerve conduction velocity and performed hematoxylin-eosin staining to determine any changes in the gastrocnemius muscle. We used immunohistochemistry to observe changes in the expression of S100-a specific marker for Schwann cells-and an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect serum level of nerve growth factor. Results showed that compared with the model-only group, sciatic functional index, recovery rate of conduction velocity, diameter recovery of the gastrocnemius muscle fibers, number of S100-immunoreactive cells, and level of nerve growth factor were greater in the electroacupuncture and moxibustion groups. The efficacy did not differ between treatment groups. The serum from treated rats was collected and used to stimulate Schwann cells cultured in vitro. Results showed that the viability of Schwann cells was much higher in the treatment groups than in the model group at 3 and 5 days after treatment. These findings indicate that electroacupuncture and moxibustion promoted nerve regeneration and functional recovery; its mechanism might be associated with the enhancement of Schwann cell proliferation and upregulation of nerve growth factor. Article Published Date : Feb 28, 2018

Infertility in polycystic ovary syndrome treated with acupuncture and clomiphene: a randomized controlled trial

Abstract Title: [Infertility in polycystic ovary syndrome treated with acupuncture and clomiphene: a randomized controlled trial]. Abstract Source: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2015 Feb ;35(2):114-8. PMID: 25854013 Abstract Author(s): Duosheng Jiang, Yingchun Zhang, Xianqun Wu, Song Wu Article Affiliation: Duosheng Jiang Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To explore the best therapy for infertility caused by polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients were randomized into three groups, a clomi-phene group (group A), an acupuncture-moxibustion + Chinese medicine group (group B) and a clomiphene + acupuncture-moxibustion+ Chinese medicine group (group C), 40 cases in each one. In the group A, since the 5th day of menstruation, clomiphene was prescribed for oral administration. In the group B, on the 5th day of menstruation, warm needling therapy was applied at Zhongji (CV 3), Guanyuan (CV 4), Guilai (ST 29), etc. Additionally, the Chinese herbal medication for tonifying the kidney and activating blood circulation was provided. In the group C, the therapy as the group B was combined on the basis of the treatment as the group A. The treatment lasted continuously for 3 menstrual cycles. The endometrial thickness, endometrial type and cervical mucus score on human chorionic gon adotropin (HCG) day, and ovulatory cycle rate, clinical pregnancy rate and abortion rate after treatment were observed in the patients of the three groups. RESULTS: 1) HCG day cervical mucus score, endometrial thickness and endometrial morphology (A type rate): the results in the group C were better than those in the group A (all P<0.01); the results in the group B were better than those in the group A (all P<0.05). The difference in the endometrial thickness was not significant in comparison between the group C and the group B (P>0.05). The cervical mucus score and endometrial morphology (A type rate) in the group C were better than those in the group B (both P<0.05). 2) The ovulatory cycle rates in the group A and group (C were higher than that in the group B (both P<0.05), the pregnancy rate in the group C was higher than that in the other groups (both P<0.05), and the early abortion rate in the group C was lower than that in the group A and group B (both P<0.01). 3) Follicle diameter from 18 mm to 20 mm and endometrial thickness: the differences were not significant between the normal pregnancy patients and the early abortion patients (both P>0.05). The endometrial morphology A type rate in the normal pregnancy patients was higher than that in the early abortion patients (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The combined therapy of acupuncture, herbal medicine and clomiphene improves the pregnancy rate and reduces early abortion rate by effectively improving HCG day cervical mucus, endometrial thickness and morphology. The efficacy is apparently superior to the simple medication with clomiphene and the combined application of acupuncture and herbal medicine. Article Published Date : Jan 31, 2015

Randomized controlled trial: moxibustion and acupuncture for the treatment of Crohn's disease. 📎

Abstract Title: Randomized controlled trial: moxibustion and acupuncture for the treatment of Crohn's disease. Abstract Source: World J Gastroenterol. 2014 Aug 21 ;20(31):11000-11. PMID: 25152604 Abstract Author(s): Chun-Hui Bao, Ji-Meng Zhao, Hui-Rong Liu, Yuan Lu, Yi-Fang Zhu, Yin Shi, Zhi-Jun Weng, Hui Feng, Xin Guan, Jing Li, Wei-Feng Chen, Lu-Yi Wu, Xiao-Ming Jin, Chuan-Zi Dou, Huan-Gan Wu Article Affiliation: Chun-Hui Bao Abstract: AIM: To evaluate the clinical efficacy and safety of acupuncture and moxibustion for the treatment of active Crohn's disease (CD). METHODS: Ninety-two patients were equally and randomly divided into the treatment group and received herb-partitioned moxibustion combined with acupuncture, and the control group received wheat bran-partitioned moxibustion combined with superficial acupuncture. The patients received three treatment sessions per week for 12 wk and were followed up for 24 wk. The main outcome was evaluated using the CD Activity Index (CDAI) score, and the secondary outcomes were evaluated using laboratory indicators such as hemoglobin (HGB), C-reactive protein (CRP), erythrocyte sedimentation rate, quality-of-life, endoscopic ratings, and intestinal histology scores. RESULTS: The CDAI scores of both the treatment and control groups were significantly reduced after treatment compared with those measured before treatment. However, the degree of improvement in the treatment group was significantly greater than that of the control group. The improvement in symptoms in patients of the treatment group was sustained at follow-up, whereas that of the control group was not. The overall efficacy of the treatment was significantly greater than that of the control. Both groups demonstrated significant improvements in quality-of-life ratings after treatment, but the improvement was significantly greater in the treatment group than in the control group. In addition, the patients in the treatment group showed significantly increased HGB and significantly decreased CRP levels and histopathological scores at the end of treatment, whereas the control group did not exhibit significant changes. CONCLUSION: Moxibustion with acupuncture provided significant therapeutic benefits in patients with active CD beyond the placebo effect and is therefore an effective and safe treatment for active CD. Article Published Date : Aug 20, 2014

Improvement of survival quality of the patients with hemodialysis treated with moxibustion for regulating spleen and stomach functions: multi-central randomized controlled study

Abstract Title: [Improvement of survival quality of the patients with hemodialysis treated with moxibustion for regulating spleen and stomach functions: multi-central randomized controlled study]. Abstract Source: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2014 Apr ;34(4):319-24. PMID: 24946626 Abstract Author(s): Shao-Hua Wang, Mo-Yan Qiu, Ai-Hua Cheng, Nan Li, Yan-Ming Xie, Jian-Rong Hao, Qi-Meng Zhang, Jie Luan, Peng Liu, Er-Ping Yan, Jin-Chen Fu, Zong-Yang Yu, Li Zhu, Peng Tian Article Affiliation: Shao-Hua Wang Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To discuss the impacts of moxibustion for regulating spleen and stomach function on the survival quality of the patients of end stage renal disease (ESRD) with maintenance hemodialysis (MHD). METHODS: One hundred and nine cases of uremia with MHD from 3 hemodialysis centers were randomized into an observation group (58 cases) and a control group (51 cases). The regular hemodialysis and conventional medication were used in the two groups. In the observation group, on the basis of the common treatment, moxibustion was applied to Zusanli (ST 36) and Sanyinjiao (SP 6), 2-3 times a day, the treatment of 4 weeks made one session. Totally, 3 sessions were required and the follow-up lasted for 3 months. KDQOL-SF (kidney disease quality of life short form,KDQOL-SFTM 1. 3) was adopted for the questionnaire investigation on survival quality before treatment, after treatment and at the end of follow-up separately in the two groups. RESULTS: After treatment, the survival quality scores in terms of physical functioning (83.62+/-13.27 vs 79.32+/- 22. 17), general health (58. 88+/- 20.24 vs 48.82+/-20.89) and vitality (77.07+/-15.56 vs 70. 59+/-22.61) in the observation group were higher than those in the control group (all P<0. 05). In comparison before and after treatment in the same group, the survival quality scores in terms of physical functioning, general health, vitality and symptoms/problems were all improved in the observation group (all P<0. 05). At the end of follow-up, the survival quality scores in terms of physical functioning, general health, mental health, social functioning, vitality, effects of kidney disease and cognitive function were higher in the observation group as compared with those in the control group (all P<0. 05). In comparison of the results at the end of follow-up with those before treatment, the survival quality scores in terms of vitality, symptoms/problems and cognitive function in the observation group were improved (all P<0. 05). The differences were not significant in all of the 19 fields of survival quality evaluation before and after treatment, and after follow-up in the control group (all P>0. 05). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion for regulating spleen and stomach function improves the survival quality of the patients with hemodialysis in terms of physical functioning, general health and vitality, which benefits the psychological condition of the patients, resulting in the improvements of the survival quality in the fields of mental health, social functioning, effects of kidney disease and cognitive function. Article Published Date : Mar 31, 2014

The short-term and long-term effects on neck pain caused by cervical spondylosis treated with combination of acupuncture and moxibustion with seed-sized moxa cone

Abstract Title: [The short-term and long-term effects on neck pain caused by cervical spondylosis treated with combination of acupuncture and moxibustion with seed-sized moxa cone]. Abstract Source: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2014 Apr ;34(4):325-8. PMID: 24946627 Abstract Author(s): Zhong Di, Shuo Jiang, Xian-Ming Lin, Wen-Bin Fu Article Affiliation: Zhong Di Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the short-term and long-term effects on treatment of neck pain caused by cervical spondylosis with the combination of acupuncture and moxibustion with seed-size moxa cone. METHODS: One hundred and forty-five patients of neck pain were randomly divided into an acupuncture-moxibustion group (49 cases), an acupuncture group (48 cases) and a moxibustion group (48 cases). Acupoints of Bailao (Extra), Dazhui (GV 14), Jianzhongshu (SI15) and Zhongzhu (TE 3) were adopted for all the 3 groups. Acupuncture was applied at all the acupoints with 20 min needling retention for the acupuncture group. Moxibustion with seed-size moxa cone was used with 5 cones on each point for the moxibustion group. And both acupuncture and moxibustion with seed-size moxa cone were adopted for the acupuncture-moxibustion group. The treatment was applied once every 3 days, and 10 treatments should be finished within 4 weeks. Follow-up should be carried out for 3 months. The short-term and long-term effects were evaluated with the scores of Northwick Park Pain Questionnaire (NPQ) and McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ) as the indices of therapeutic effect. RESULTS: The NPQ score and MPQ score of all the 3 groups after the treating course and the 3-month follow-up were both decreased when compared with those before the treatment (all P<0. 05). The scores of NPQ and MPQ the acupuncture-moxibustion group were lower than that of the other two groups. And the difference had obvious significance (P<0. 05). High efficiency of pain relieving for cervical spondylosis could be found in all the 3 groups, which showed that short-term and long-term effects were good for all the 3 groups. And the highest curative effect could be found in acupuncture-moxibustion group. CONCLUSION: Combination of acupuncture and moxibustion with seed-size moxa cone has reached a superior effect in short-term and long-term for neck pain caused by cervical spondylosis. Article Published Date : Mar 31, 2014

Meta analysis on acupuncture-moxibustion for amblyopia [correction of agrypnia]

Abstract Title: [Meta analysis on acupuncture-moxibustion for amblyopia [correction of agrypnia] ]. Abstract Source: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2014 Feb ;34(2):205-8. PMID: 24796072 Abstract Author(s): Ying-Hua Hu, Tie Li, Dong-Yue Han, Xi-Chen Wang, Fu-Chun Wang, Zhi-Hong Wang Article Affiliation: Ying-Hua Hu Abstract: The effectiveness and safety of acupuncture-moxibustion for the treatment of agrypnia was systematically reviewed. The clinical randomized controlled trial (RCT) of acupuncture-moxibustion for agrypnia were collected. The literature and document on acupuncture-moxibustion RCT for the treatment of agrypnia that published from January of 2001 to March of 2012 was searched with computer in PubMed, CNKI, Wanfang and VIP database. According to Cochrane Handbook 5. 1. 0, the bias risk and quality assessment were performed on every included trial and RevMan 5. 0 software was applied to make the Meta analysis. Totally 14 researches were included, involving 2662 cases. The Meta analysis showed that the differences of total effective rate between acupuncture-moxibustion and clinical routine treatment were significant [RR = 1.16, 95% CI (1.12, 1.19), Z = 9.32, P<0.000 01]. The results indicate that total effective rate of acupuncture-moxibustion for agrypnia is obviously superior to that of clinical routine treatment, meaning clinical efficacy of acupuncture-moxibustion is served credit. Article Published Date : Jan 31, 2014

Effectiveness of moxibustion treatment as adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. 📎

Abstract Title: Effectiveness of moxibustion treatment as adjunctive therapy in osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial. Abstract Source: Arthritis Res Ther. 2014 ;16(3):R133. Epub 2014 Jun 24. PMID: 24962039 Abstract Author(s): Ling Zhao, Ke Cheng, Lizhen Wang, Fan Wu, Haiping Deng, Ming Tan, Lixing Lao, Xueyong Shen Article Affiliation: Ling Zhao Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Our objective was to compare the effectiveness and safety of traditional Chinese moxibustion to that of sham moxibustion in patients with chronic knee osteoarthritis (KOA) pain. METHODS: We conducted a randomized placebo-controlled trial involving 110 patients with KOA who met the inclusion criteria. These patients randomly received either active moxibustion (n = 55) or sham moxibustion control (n = 55) at acupoints Dubi (ST 35), extra-point Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), and an Ashi (tender) point three times a week for 6 weeks. Effects were evaluated with Western Ontario and McMaster Universities' Osteoarthritis Index (WOMAC VA 3.1) criteria at the end ofthe course of treatment and 3, 12, and 24 weeks after the initial treatment. RESULTS: The WOMAC pain scores showed greater improvement in the active treatment group than in control at weeks 3 (P = 0.012), 6 (P<0.001), 12 (P = 0.002), and 24 (P = 0.002) as did WOMAC physical function scores of the active treatment group at week 3 (P = 0.002), 6 (P = 0.015), and 12 (P<0.001) but not 24 (P = 0.058). Patients and practitioners were blinded successfully, and no significant adverse effects were found during the trial. CONCLUSIONS: A 6-week course of moxibustion seems to relieve pain effectively and improve function in patients with KOA for up to 18 weeks after the end of treatment. Moxibustion treatment appears to be safe, and the usefulness of the novel moxa device was validated. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Current controlled trial: ISRCTN68475405. Registered 4 April 2014. Article Published Date : Dec 31, 2013

Meta-analysis on randomized controlled clinical trials of acupuncture for asthma

Abstract Title: [Meta-analysis on randomized controlled clinical trials of acupuncture for asthma]. Abstract Source: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2010 Sep;30(9):787-92. PMID: 20886804 Abstract Author(s): Lu Yu, Yan Zhang, Cheng Chen, Hai-Fu Cui, Xing-Ke Yan Article Affiliation: College of Acupuncture and Massage, Changchun University of TCM, Changchun 130117, China. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of acupuncture and moxibustion for asthma by meta-analysis of randomized controlled clinical trials. METHODS: A literature search in VIP, CNKI, PubMed and HighWire was performed to retrieve clinic trials documents about acupuncture for asthma from 2000 to 2009. The meta-analysis was conducted on RCT and CCT documents that meet the enrolling requirements. RESULTS: Twenty-two trials including 3058 cases of asthma patients were included in this study. The findings indicates that the total effective rate in acupuncture group was significantly superior to control group [OR 4.18, 95% CI (3.36, 5.20), Z = 12.85, P<0.00001]; there was no significant difference in FEV1 measurements between two groups [OR = 0.20, 95% CI (-0.37, 0.76), Z = 0.68, P = 0.50]; there was profound significant difference in PEFR measurements between two groups [OR = 0.42, 95% CI (0.22, 0.62), Z = 4.06, P<0.0001]; there was profound significant difference in FVC measurements between two groups [OR = 0.45, 95% CI (0.17, 0.72), Z = 3.22, P = 0. 001]; there was profound significant difference in FEV1/FVC measurements between two groups [OR = 9.58, 95% CI (8.14, 11.02), Z = 13.03, P<0.00001]. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture and moxibustion therapy can significantly improve the total effective rate of acupuncture for asthma. PEFR, FVC, FEV1 /FVC can be used as effectiveness indicators for evaluating the treatment for asthma. The FEV1 measurements did not have statistic significance. Due to the small number of RCT/CCT documents, the bias of the literatures and the lack of high-quality, large sample and multi-center reports, further studies are needed to explore the evidence of the findings. Article Published Date : Sep 01, 2010

Effect on moxibustion at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) for uterine contraction pain in labor: a randomized controlled trial

Abstract Title: [Effect on moxibustion at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) for uterine contraction pain in labor: a randomized controlled trial]. Abstract Source: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2010 Aug;30(8):623-6. PMID: 20942275 Abstract Author(s): Shu-xiang Ma, Fan-wu Wu, Jian-mei Cui, Zi-huan Jin, Ling-jun Kong Article Affiliation: TCM Department, North China Coal Medical University, Tangshan 063000, China. Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of moxibustion at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) for uterine contraction pain in labor, and evaluate the safety of the parturient and newborn. METHODS: One hundred and seventy-four cases of singleton pregnancy and cephalic presentation primipara were single blinded and randomly divided into three groups: observation group (59 cases), placebo treated group (57 cases) and blank group (58 cases). The observation group was treated with moxibustion at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) for 30 min when the uterus cervix openning at 3 cm, the placebo treated group was treated with moxibustion at no acupoint for 30 min and the blank group was treated with routine labor nursing, the uterine contraction pain and the safety of the mother and infant were compared among three groups. RESULTS: 1) The uterine contraction pain was tested by Visual Analogue Scale (VAS): the scores of VAS in the observation group were obviously decreased after 15 min and 30 min of moxibustion (both P<0.05), there were no obvious changes of the VAS scores in placebo treated group and the blank group, the scores of VAS in observation group decreased much more obviously than those in the other two groups (all P<0.05); 2) Midwife rating of the uterine contraction pain: after 30 min of moxibustion, the effective rate of labor analgesia was 69.5% (41/59) in observation group, which was higher than that of 45.6% (26/57) in placebo treated group and 43.1% (25/58) in blank group, with significant differences between them (both P<0.05); 3) The postpartum hemorrhage amount of the observation group was obviously lower than those of placebo treated group and blank group (both P<0.05); 4) The Apgar score of newborn was higher in observation group and placebo treated group than that of blank group (both P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion at Sanyinjiao (SP 6) can relieve the uterine contraction pain, and has no side effect to mother and infant, it is one of the safe, effective and simple non-drug analgesia methods. Article Published Date : Aug 01, 2010

Factors affecting the success of moxibustion in the management of a breech presentation as a preliminary treatment to external cephalic version.

Abstract Title: Factors affecting the success of moxibustion in the management of a breech presentation as a preliminary treatment to external cephalic version. Abstract Source: Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 2010 Mar 17. Epub 2010 Mar 17. PMID: 19853333 Abstract Author(s): Anne Manyande, Christine Grabowska Abstract: OBJECTIVES: to explore the effects of moxibustion treatment, to examine the predictors of its use in causing a breech presentation to spontaneously turn to a cephalic presentation which will result in a vaginal birth (the paper will refer to this as 'successful') and offer external cephalic version (ECV) subsequently after moxibustion treatment when the fetus remains in a breech presentation. DESIGN: a prospective study over a two-year time period from February 2004 until January 2006. PARTICIPANTS: 76 pregnant women from various acupuncture practices in the UK, with a third trimester breech presentation. INTERVENTIONS: the acupuncturist taught the women how to apply moxibustion (sticks of compressed dried herbs-Artemisia vulgaris) treatment at home by stimulating the acupoint on the outer edge at the base of the little toe nail for seven days twice a day (morning and afternoon). If the breech presentation persisted after treatment, ECV was carried out towards the end of the pregnancy. The obstetricians offered this during the routine antenatal hospital visits. FINDINGS: the results show that following treatment with moxibustion, 31 (40.8%) of the breech presentations spontaneously turned to cephalic presentations, and a further 33 (43.4%) breech presentations were turned by ECV. Women who involved other people in the administration of moxibustion were twice as likely to be successful. Multiparous women were also 16% more likely than primiparous women to succeed in achieving a spontaneous version with the use of moxibustion. Fewer side effects reported when using moxibustion were the strongest predictor of successful spontaneous cephalic version with an odds ratio of 12% (p = 0.02). KEY CONCLUSIONS: moxibustion creates a better chance of vaginal birth for expectant mothers. Of the women who were successful in turning their babies using moxibustion, 88% went on to have a normal birth and 12% had a caesarean section. Moxibustion treatment also significantly increases version from a breech presentation to a cephalic presentation where there are fewer side effects reported, if the woman is multiparous and has support during the administration of moxibustion treatment. IMPLICATIONS FOR PRACTICE: moxibustion treatment should be offered to all women with a breech presentation because it is non-invasive and can be self-administered by the woman. It is therefore a simple, cost-effective technique that requires no medical intervention.   Article Published Date : Mar 17, 2010

Observation on therapeutic effect of dog-day acupuncture and moxibustion combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence

Abstract Title: [Observation on therapeutic effect of dog-day acupuncture and moxibustion combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence]. Abstract Source: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2009 Nov;29(11):879-83. PMID: 19994685 Abstract Author(s): Chun-lin Tang, De-chun Dai, Wei-fang Zhu, You-you Jin, Lin-feng Mei, Gui-feng Zhao Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of dog-day acupuncture and tortoise-shell moxibustion combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises for treatment of female stress urinary incontinence. METHODS: Seventy one cases were randomly divided into two groups. Thirty six cases in the observation group were treated with acupuncture on Zhongji (CV 3), Zigong (EX-CA 1), Chize (LU 5) etc. and tortoise-shell moxibustion on Shenque (CV 8) combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises; while thirty five cases in the control group were treated with only pelvic floor muscle exercises. The scores of the International Consultation Committee on Incontinence Questionnaire Short Form (ICI-Q-SF) and the Medical Outcomes Survey Short Form-36 (SF-36) were evaluated before and after treatment, and the scores of SF-36 were also compared with 35 cases in normal group. RESULTS: The total effective rate of 91.7% in the observation group was higher than that of 77.1% in the control group (P < 0.05). The dimensions of SF-36 of stress urinary incontinence patients were remarkably lower than those of normal group (all P < 0.05). The scores of ICI-Q-SF were decreased while the scores of SF-36 were increased obviously after treatment in both the observation group and the control group, there were pronounced improvements on physiological function, pain, physical activity, social function and affection function in the observation group (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: The quality of life for female stress urinary incontinence patients may be poor, however the dog-day acupuncture and tortoise-shell moxibustion combined with pelvic floor muscle exercises can improve the symptoms of urinary incontinence and increase the quality of life of patients. Article Published Date : Nov 01, 2009

Forty cases of insomnia treated by suspended moxibustion at Baihui (GV 20). 📎

Abstract Title: Forty cases of insomnia treated by suspended moxibustion at Baihui (GV 20). Abstract Source: J Tradit Chin Med. 2009 Jun;29(2):95-6. PMID: 19663092 Abstract Author(s): Yan-li Ju, Xu Chi, Jian-xin Liu Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of suspended moxibustion at Baihui (GV 20) for insomnia. METHODS: 75 cases were divided randomly into two groups, with 40 cases in the treatment group treated by suspended moxibustion over Baihui (GV 20) and 35 cases in the control group treated by oral administration of Estazolam. RESULTS: The difference in therapeutic effect between the two groups was not statistically significant (P > 0.1). CONCLUSION: It was concluded that suspended moxibustion at Baihui (GV 20) is as effective as Estazolam for insomnia. Article Published Date : Jun 01, 2009

Observation on therapeutic effect of moxibustion on temperature-sensitive points for lumbar disc herniation

Abstract Title: [Observation on therapeutic effect of moxibustion on temperature-sensitive points for lumbar disc herniation]. Abstract Source: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2009 May;29(5):382-4. PMID: 19489496 Abstract Author(s): Fu-yu Tang, Cheng-jun Huang, Ri-xin Chen, Min Xu, Bao-xin Liu, Zhu Liang Article Affiliation: Department II of Orthopaedics, Liuzhou Hospital of TCM, Liuzhou 545001, China. This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To compare therapeutic effects of traditional moxibustion and moxibustion on temperature-sensitive points for lumbar disc herniation. METHODS: One hundred and twenty cases were randomly divided into a temperature-sensitive point group and a traditional moxibustion group, 60 cases in each group. The temperature-sensitive point group was treated with moxibustion on the temperature-sensitive points in the temperature-sensitive high incidence area such as waist and lower limbs, once each day; the traditional moxibustion group was treated with warming moxibustion at Jiaji (EX-B 2), Ciliao (BL 32), Zhibian (BL 54), Huantiao (GB 30), Weizhong (BL 40), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Kunlun (BI. 60), once each day, 7 days constituting one course. The therapeutic effect and the recurrence rate were observed after one course treatment and six months later. RESULTS: After treatment for one course, the cured-markedly effective rate was 65.00% in the temperature-sensitive point group, superior to 50.0% in the traditional moxibustion group, with a significant difference between the two groups (P<0.05); all effective cases were followed-up for six months, the cured-markedly effective rate and the recurrence rate were 62.3% and 26.4% in the temperature-sensitive point group, and 34.2% and 46.3% in the traditional moxibustion group, the therapeutic effect of the temperature-sensitive point group being superior to the traditional moxibustion group, and the recurrence rate was lower than the traditional moxibustion group (both P<0.05). CONCLUSION: Moxibustion on temperature-sensitive points is a effective therapy for lumbar disc herniation, with stable therapeutic effect and low recurrence rate. Article Published Date : May 01, 2009

Influence of acupuncture and moxibustion on conditional position preference and prefrontal cortical ultrastructure in heroin re-addicted rats

Abstract Title: [Influence of acupuncture and moxibustion on conditional position preference and prefrontal cortical ultrastructure in heroin re-addicted rats]. Abstract Source: Zhen Ci Yan Jiu. 2009 Apr;34(2):97-100. PMID: 19685722 Abstract Author(s): Rong-Jun Zhang, Xiao-Ge Song, Xing-Hui Cai Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of acupuncture and moxibustion on the conditional position preference (CPP) and prefrontal cortical ultrastructure in heroin re-addicted rats. METHODS: Thirty-two Wistar rats were randomly divided into normal, model, medication and acu-moxibustion (acu-moxi) groups, with 8 cases in each. Re-addiction model was established by repeated intramuscular injection of heroin into the hindlimbs. Rats of medication group were treated with intragastric administration of Methadone during detoxification. For rats in acu-moxi group, acupuncture needle was inserted into "Baihui" (GV 20) and moxibustion treatment was used to bilateral "Shenshu" (BL 23) for 30 min during detoxification. Rats in normal group were given with intramuscular injection of normal saline during addiction. CPP tests were conducted once daily in a spatial place preference box for 8 days. On the 39th day of the experiment, the rats under anesthesia were killed for sampling the prefrontal cortex (PFC) tissue on an ice plate, then, the ultrastructure of the neurons was observed by using a transmission electron microscope. RESULTS: After modeling, the rats' staying duration in the dark-box was shortened obviously (P < 0. 1). After the treatment, the staying duration in dark-box in acu-moxi group was significantly longer than that in model and medication groups (P < 0.01). Compared with normal control group, electron-microscopic results indicated that in PFC tissues of model and medication groups, vacuoles and edema of cytoplasm at different degrees, enlargement of the rough endoplasmic reticulum (REPR), vacuoles or disappearance of mitochondria, reduction of ribosome in number, and widening of the nuclear intermembrance interstice were seen. While in acu-moxi group, the number of mitochondria and ribosome increased slightly, the mitochondrial cristae was clear, the number of REPR increased relatively but dilated slightly, and the intermembrance space was basically normal. CONCLUSION: Acu-moxibustion can improve heroin re-addicted rats' conditional position preference and has a protection effect on the cerebral cortical neurons. disappearance of mitochondria, reduction of ribosome in number, and widening of the nuclear intermembrance interstice were seen. While in acu-moxi group, the number of mitochondria and ribosome increased slightly, the mitochondrial cristae was clear, the number of REPR increased relatively but dilated slightly, and the intermembrance space was basically normal. CONCLUSION: Acu-moxibustion can improve heroin re-addicted rats' conditional position preference and has a protection effect on the cerebral cortical neurons. Article Published Date : Apr 01, 2009

Evaluation of therapeutic effect and safety for clinical randomized and controlled trials of treatment of acne with acupuncture and moxibustion

Abstract Title: [Evaluation of therapeutic effect and safety for clinical randomized and controlled trials of treatment of acne with acupuncture and moxibustion]. Abstract Source: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu. 2009 Mar;29(3):247-51. PMID: 19358513 Abstract Author(s): Bo Li, Hua Chai, Yuan-hao Du, Li Xiao, Jun Xiong Abstract: OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the therapeutic effect and safety of acupuncture and moxibustion for treatment of acne, and to analyze the current situation of clinical studies at present. METHODS: Retrieve PubMed, Cochrane library, CBM databank, CNKI databank, etc., and collect the randomized and controlled trials of treatment of acne with acupuncture and moxibustion, and select clinical trials conforming with the enrolled criteria, and conduct evaluation of quality with Cochrane systematic manual 5.0, and RevMan 4.2.8 was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Seventeen papers, including 1,613 cases, conformed with the enrolled criteria. Seventeen studies adopted the cured rate as the evaluation index, Meta-analysis showed treatment of acne by acupuncture and moxibustion with routine western medicine as control, significant difference for inter-group comparison [combined RR (random efficacy model) = 2.96, 95% CI (1.63, 4.91), Z=4.08. P<0.0001]; comprehensive acupuncture and moxibustion therapy was controlled with single acupuncture moxibustion therapy, significant difference for inter-group comparison [combined RR (fixed efficacy model) = 2.51, 95% CI (1.76, 3.57), Z=5.11, P<0.00001]. CONCLUSION: Acupuncture-mox ibustion is safe and effective for treatment of acne, and it is possibly better than routine western medicine, and the comprehensive acupuncture-moxibustion therapy is better than single acupuncture-moxibustion therapy. The conclusion has not been determined yet, because lower quality of a part of literature enrolled. Article Published Date : Mar 01, 2009
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Study on the Validity of Surface Electromyography as Assessment Tools for Facial Nerve Palsy.

Related Articles Study on the Validity of Surface Electromyography as Assessment Tools for Facial Nerve Palsy. J Pharmacopuncture. 2018 Dec;21(4):258-267 Authors: Ryu HM, Lee SJ, Park EJ, Kim SG, Kim KH, Choi YM, Kim JU, Song BY, Kim CH, Yoon HM, Yook TH Abstract Objectives: The purpose of this study was to find out validity of Surface Electromyography(sEMG) compared with Nerve Conduction Study and clinical assessment scale as assessment factors for facial palsy. Methods: We investigated 50 cases of patients with peripheral facial palsy who had records of sEMG and NCS to check. Then we analyzed the correlation between sEMG and NCS that carried out around 1 week after onset. And we analyzed the correlation between sEMG and clinical assessment scales that were measured three times around 1 week, 3-4 weeks and 5-6 weeks after onset. Clinical assessment scales used in this study were House-brackmann grade, Yanagihara unweighted grading scale and Sunnybrook facial grading system. We used Pearson's correlation for statistical analysis. Results: sEMG and NCS, measured at similar times, were statistically correlated. Especially, the correlation with the forehead region was high. And sEMG and clinical assessment scale, measured at same time, were statistically correlated, especially after 5 weeks from onset. Conclusion: According to this study, sEMG is expected to be useful to assessment facial palsy. PMID: 30652052 [PubMed]

Korean Medicine for Treating Facial Palsy: - A Literature Review of Case Reports.

Related Articles Korean Medicine for Treating Facial Palsy: - A Literature Review of Case Reports. J Pharmacopuncture. 2018 Dec;21(4):214-215 Authors: Jeong HI, Kim KH, Oh YT, Choi YM, Song BY, Kim JU, Yook TH Abstract Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze case reports on and to study Korean medicine treatments of facial palsy. Methods: Studies published after 2000 were selected by searching for the terms "facial palsy" and "Guanwasa" in four databases and case reports using Korean medicine moderating variables were extracted by two individual researchers. Results: The House Brackmann (H-B) Scale (23 times, 65.7%), and Yanagihara Grading Scale (Y-system) (22 times, 62.8%) were used to assess facial palsy. All case reports used acupuncture, while 19 case reports (51.3%) used electro-acupuncture, and 8 case reports (21.6%) used pharmacopuncture. Main meridian points used were ST6, ST4, GB14, TE23, LI20, BL2. Thirty-two case reports used herbal medicine (86.4%) and both Ligigeopoong-san, Bojunglkgi-tang were used frequently. Conclusion: To treat facial palsy, acupuncture was mainly used in conjunction with electro-acupuncture and pharmacopuncture. Most case reports also used herbal medicine. PMID: 30652048 [PubMed]
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