Associations of Pulmonary Fibrosis with Peripheral Blood Th1/Th2 Cell Imbalance and EBF3 Gene Methylation in Uygur Pigeon Breeder's Lung Patients.
Cell Physiol Biochem. 2018 Jun 15;47(3):1141-1151
Authors: Wu C, Luo Z, Pang B, Wang W, Deng M, Jin R, Muhataer X, Li Y, Li Q, Yang X
Background/Aims Pigeon breeder's lung (PBL) results from Th1/Th2 cell imbalance. B cells inhibit the immune activity of Th1, and EBF3 is a key B cell factor. This study explored the relationship between EBF3 and Th1/Th2 imbalance in chronic PBL cases complicated with pulmonary fibrosis (PF). Methods Twenty Uygur PBL+PF patients, 20 pigeon breeders without PBL or PF, and 20 healthy individuals without pigeon breeding history constituted the patient I, negative control, and normal control groups, respectively. Peripheral blood specimens and case backgrounds were collected between June 2016 and March 2017. EBF3 gene methylation was analyzed by matrix assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry. To compare different mechanisms of PF progression in PBL, samples from 20 Uygur PBL patients without PF (at acute and sub-acute stages) were collected between October 2017 and February 2018, constituting the patient II group. EBF3 mRNA expression was evaluated by real-time polymerase chain reaction. IFN-γ, IL-4 and IL-10 expression and Th1/Th2 imbalance in PBL were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and flow cytometry. Results CpG-2 and general methylation rates in the patient I group were lower than those in the control groups (P˂0.017). The level of EBF3 mRNA expression in the patient I group was significantly higher than that in any other group. Compared with the control groups, the patient I group showed a significantly higher level of IL-4, whereas the patient II group showed a significantly lower level. IL-10 was also expressed more highly in the patient I group than in any other group (P< 0.01). Flow cytometry showed INF-γ dominance (Th1 cytokine) in PBL at the acute/sub-acute stage and IL-4 dominance (Th2 cytokine) at the chronic stage after PF occurred. The general methylation rate was negatively correlated with the mRNA level, with the latter being positively correlated with the IL-10 level and number of pigeons bred in the past 3 months. IL-4 expression was negatively correlated with INF-γ but positively correlated with PF area and duration of pigeon breeding history. Conclusions After PF occurs in chronic PBL, the inflammation type changes from Th1 dominance to Th2 dominance. During PBL development, IL-10 increases before IL-4 does, which may be associated with EBF3 hypomethylation and the involvement of B lymphocytes.
PMID: 29913442 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Simultaneous quantification of 33 active components in Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix using ultra high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry.
J Chromatogr B Analyt Technol Biomed Life Sci. 2018 Jun 08;1092:244-251
Authors: Wu XW, Zhang YB, Zhang L, Yang XW
A method of ultra high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry was developed for the simultaneous quantification of 33 active components including 26 coumarins and 7 phenolic acid esters in Notopterygii Rhizoma et Radix (NRR). Chromatographic separation was achieved on a Kinetex® C18 column (100 mm × 2.1 mm i.d.; 2.6 μm) with a gradient elution in 18 min. Electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometric detection was conducted in the positive and negative ionization modes with multiple reaction monitoring. All of 33 analytes showed good linearity (R2 ≥ 0.9919) within the test range. The relative standard deviations of the precision, repeatability and stability were not exceeding 4.97%, and the recoveries were in the range of 85.37%-115.00%. The matrix effect on the response of target analyte was not obvious. The validated method was successfully applied to quantify the 33 components in ten batches of NRR samples. Quantitative results showed the coumarins and phenolic acid esters with large difference in level of content in the herb samples. Furthermore, hierarchical cluster analysis and principal component analysis were applied to classify and discriminate these samples. The variations of isoimperatorin, notopterol, bergamottin, nodakenin, phenethylferulate were suggested as important indicators of NRR quality. This work may serve for quality identification and comprehensive evaluation of NRR.
PMID: 29913336 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Phenotypic identification of periodontal Prevotella intermedia/nigrescens group isolates validated by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry.
Anaerobe. 2018 Jun 15;:
Authors: Rams TE, Sautter JD, Hsiao CY, van Winkelhoff AJ
The accuracy of a phenotypic scheme to recognize periodontal Prevotella intermedia/nigrescens group clinical isolates on primary isolation culture plates was assessed with matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). A total of 84 fresh subgingival isolates from 23 chronic periodontitis patients were presumptively recognized on anaerobically-incubated enriched Brucella blood agar primary isolation plates as P. intermedia/nigrescens based on their dark-pigmented colony morphology, brick-red autofluorescence under long-wave ultraviolet light, and a negative fluorescence test for lactose production. The presumptive P. intermedia/nigrescens clinical isolates were subjected to MALDI-TOF MS analysis using Bruker MALDI Biotyper analytic software containing mass spectra for P. intermedia and Prevotella nigrescens in its reference library of bacterial protein profiles. Using a ≥ 1.7 log score agreement threshold, 60 (71.4%) of the presumptive P. intermedia/nigrescens clinical isolates were confirmed as either P. intermedia (25 isolates) or P. nigrescens (35 isolates). All isolates with a < 1.7 log score were also identified as P. intermedia or P. nigrescens from the top choice designated on the MALDI Biotyper most likely species identification list. These MALDI-TOF MS findings document the ability of the phenotypic scheme to correctly recognize most periodontal P. intermedia/nigrescens group clinical isolates on primary isolation culture plates.
PMID: 29913204 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]