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NCBI pubmed

Predictive factors of life quality among packaging workers in Taiwan.

Predictive factors of life quality among packaging workers in Taiwan. Health Promot Int. 2018 May 16;: Authors: Yang SY, Hsu DJ, Yen CM, Chang JH Abstract The semiconductor plants on the top of high-tech industrial chain hire many packaging workers to carry out miscellaneous packing tasks for various product orders from different companies and countries. Under tremendous workload the quality of life (QoL) of such packaging workers need to be concerned. The aim of this study was to explore factors influencing their QoL. This study recruited 247 packing workers (162 male and 85 female; mean age: 35.6 years old) in 2015 and 2016 from a semiconductor plant in Taiwan by convenience sampling. The questionnaire comprised four parts: demographics, the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF), an occupational burnout inventory and the Nordic Musculoskeletal Questionnaire. The four domains of the WHOQOL-BREF were defined as outcome variables. Predictive factors included gender (reference: male), age (reference: ≤ 35), BMI (reference: ≤ 25), educational level (reference: below university), marital/partner status (reference: married/cohabiting), years of work (reference: ≤ 5), work shift (reference: day shift), personal burnout, work-related burnout, over-commitment to work and the number of body parts with discomfort (0-9). The findings showed that physical QoL was negatively correlated with night -shift work, personal burnout, and number of body parts with discomfort. Psychological QoL was negatively correlated with night shift work and personal burnout. Environment QoL was negatively correlated with being male, night shift work and personal burnout. The results showed that the QoL among the packaging workers could be improved by reducing musculoskeletal discomfort, personal burnout and by improving work schedules. PMID: 29788221 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Gender, self-rated health and functional decline among community-dwelling older adults.

Gender, self-rated health and functional decline among community-dwelling older adults. Arch Gerontol Geriatr. 2018 May 16;77:174-183 Authors: Gyasi RM, Phillips DR Abstract OBJECTIVE: This paper examines the association between self-rated health (SRH) and functional decline (FD) in older Ghanaian cohorts and investigates whether the effect differs by gender and also modified by marital status. METHODS: The study used cross-sectional survey data (N = 1200) from an Aging, Health, Psychological Wellbeing and Health-seeking Behavior Study (AHPWHB) study conducted in between August 2016 and January 2017. A four-level gendered-stratified logit modeling estimated the SRH-FD association and the interaction terms. RESULTS: Overall, 23% of male respondents and 34% of women revealed significant FD (p < 0.001). The fully-adjusted model showed that SRH status was a strong predictor of FD across genders but the effect was most pronounced among men. Compared with excellent/very good SRH, fair and poor SRH (β = 0.160; p < 0.05) and (β = 1.700; p < 0.001) for women and (β = 2.202; p < 0.001) and (β= 2.356; p < 0.001) for men respectively were significantly associated with increased FD. However, good (β = - 1.760; p < 0.001), fair (β = - 2.800; p < 0.001) and poor SRH (β = -2.088; p < 0.001) decreased FD if an older woman was married compared with unmarried women with excellent/very good SRH. CONCLUSION: The strength of SRH-FDs association largely differed with gender and also moderated by marital status for women. Improving the SRH and marital quality could be protective of functional abilities, independence and quality of life for older people. PMID: 29787956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]