Effect of bevacizumab plus XELOX (CapeOX) chemotherapy on liver natural killer cell activity in colorectal cancer
with resectable liver metastasis.
Ann Gastroenterol Surg. 2018 Sep;2(5):383-393
Authors: Hirata F, Ishiyama K, Tanaka Y, Kobayashi T, Hashimoto M, Saeki Y, Ishida N, Taguchi K, Tanaka J, Arihiro K, Ohdan H, Hiroshima Surgical Study Group of Clinical Oncology (HiSCO)
Aim: We investigated the chemotherapy effect of resectable colorectal cancer
with liver metastasis (CRLM) on the function of intrahepatic immune cells.
Methods: We classified patients into adjuvant chemotherapy (bevacizumab+CapeOX) after hepatectomy group (group A) and neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by hepatectomy group (group B), and collected peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and liver mononuclear cells (LMNC) to ascertain phenotypic and functional differences.
Results: There were no significant differences in lymphocyte fractions of either PBMC or LMNC between groups, except for the significantly lower percentage of natural killer (NK) cells in LMNC in group B than in group A. Significantly higher percentage of natural-killer group 2, member D (NKG2D)- positive NK cells in PBMC and percentage of tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-, NKp30-, and signal regulatory protein β (SIRPβ)-positive NK cells in LMNC were found in group B. Furthermore, significantly higher expressions of NKG2D and SIRPβ in peripheral blood NK cells and of NKp46 and CD122 in liver NK cells were found in group B. When LMNC were incubated with interleukin (IL)-2 in vitro, no difference was observed in the expression of these molecules in NK cells between groups. Consistently, there was no difference in the cytotoxic activity of those LMNC against a colon adenocarcinoma cell line between groups.
Conclusion: Colorectal cancer
with liver metastasis patients treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy showed enhanced expression of activation markers on peripheral blood and liver NK cells in comparison with patients who did not receive therapy; however, the difference in those function remains unclear. These results suggest that neoadjuvant chemotherapy does not have a negative impact on intrahepatic immune cells in resectable CRLM patients.
PMID: 30238080 [PubMed]